The e-cigarette also facilitates weaning
On the full withdrawal, 14% of subjects who used e-cigarettes with nicotine have stopped their smoking, against 4% of those who used cigarettes without nicotine. On average, it is 8.7% with e-cigarettes with or without nicotine, a high rate for smokers who do not intend to stop and have not received counseling, support psychological or medical supervision. By comparison, the quit rates obtained with the drug varenicline is 9.5 % for a smoker motivation engaging in smoking cessation.
Moreover, the e-cigarette has decreased CO poisoning smokers and the most common symptoms (cough, dry mouth, sore throat, shortness of breath). Finally, side effects typically experienced during withdrawal were rare with e-cigarette (increased appetite, irritability, insomnia, anxiety, depression).
In conclusion, the e-cigarette has halve the consumption of cigarettes and facilitated weaning. Note that the dosage nicotine played a role in the withdrawal, but not in reducing consumption. Finally, in this study, you do not become addicted to e-cigarette with 73 % of subjects who successfully quit smoking had also stopped the e-cigarette after one year. Remains to explore the adverse effects of e-cigarette in order to objectively weigh the benefits.
Participants were divided into groups, each receiving e-cigarettes with nicotine cartridges of 7.2 mg for 12 weeks or six weeks, or cartridges of nicotine 5.4 mg for 6 weeks, still other cartridges without nicotine, without specific instruction. While the initial consumption averaged 20 cigarettes per day, twelve weeks later participants halved their daily consumption (ten cigarettes per day), regardless of the group. And a year later, the weekly consumption was on average 10 to 15 cigarettes per day. Here e-cigarette is very effective to reduce its consumption with a decrease of 50%.